Women's Activism NYC

Trotula Of Salerno

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Physician Trotula of Salerno was a female physician who worked in Salerno, the epicenter of medieval medicine in Europe. Trotula was one of the most famous physicians of the time and a pioneer in women’s health. She is considered the world’s first gynecologist. Several writings about women’s health have been attributed to her, including Diseases of Women, Treatments for Women, and Women’s Cosmetics. In medieval Europe, these texts were a major source for information on women’s health, especially for male physicians who knew little about the female body at that time. She was also the first to believe that women should not suffer relentless pain during childbirth, advocating the use of opiates to dull the pain of labor.

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