Women's Activism NYC

Dora Russell

1894 - 1986

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Dora Russell was the daughter of Frederick Black, who was a senior Civil Servant, and born in London in 1894. Dora believed that both men and women had the same rights to education. Dora was heavily encouraged by her father and had run scholarships to Sutton High School and Girton College, Cambridge. In her university, she had received an honors award in modern languages. Dora had became involved with Bertrand Russell in 1916, and he asked her to marry her, but she had different views on marriage that it would constraint her freedom and Bertrand accepted her views, he still wanted to have a son and become heir to the family title. When the first world war occurred, Dora had joined Russell on his campaign against military conscription, where he was sent to prison and later released from Brixton Prison in 1918, where he was playing a role against the Military Service Act. After the release, Bertrand and Dora had went to go visit Russia and China together. On their return in 1921, she had agreed to marry him and had given birth to her first child and later had become involved with the birth control movement. The following year Dora and her supporters had founded the Birth Control Group and she had also campaigned with the Labor Party for Birth-Control clinics and was rejected because they feared losing the Roman Catholic vote. After World War II, she turned her attention to peace and was a founding member of the National Council for Civil liberties and the campaign for Nuclear Disbarment and had organized the women's peace Caravan where she had brought women to Moscow in 1958, to have protested nuclear proliferation. Her last demonstration was in the Royal Air Force based in Cornwall, at the age of 91.

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